Condottieri

   Condottieri were mercenary military commanders employed by rulers of Italian city-states from the medieval era until roughly the end of the 15th century. The word condottieri derives from the fact that the military contract they signed was called a condotta. Among the most prominent condottieri were members of the Lupi family, who served the rulers of Carrara in the 14th century; Micheleto da Cotignola and Niccolô da Tolentino who participated in the Battle of San Romano on the side of Florence, as depicted by Paolo Uccello in the painting of the same name (1430s; London, National Gallery; Paris, Louvre, and Florence, Uffizi); Erasmo de Narni, called Gattamelata, whose equestrian monument by Donatello is in the Piazza del Santo in Padua (c. 1445-1453); Bracciolo da Montone who trained Lionello d'Este of Ferrara on the military arts; Federico da Montefeltro, ruler of Urbino, who supported his city's economy by acting as military commander for hire; and Bartolomeo Colleoni, whose monument (1481-1496) by Andrea del Verrocchio stands in the Campo dei Santi Giovanni e Paolo in Venice.

Historical dictionary of Renaissance art. . 2008.

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  • CONDOTTIERI — Chefs des compagnies de mercenaires, se mettant, par contrat (condotta ), au service des princes ou des villes. Petits seigneurs, tels Federico da Montefeltro ou Ercole d’Este, ou bien vieux soldats d’origine modeste, tels Attendolo Sforza, fils… …   Encyclopédie Universelle

  • Condottiēri — (ital.), 1) Rottenführer; 2) im Mittelalter in Italien die Anführer von Soldtruppen, die für den Bestzahlenden fochten; die zahlreichen Fehden der italienischen kleinen Staaten brachten sie hervor, u. bald hatten sie alle militärische Macht an… …   Pierer's Universal-Lexikon

  • Condottiēri — (ital.), Anführer von Söldnerscharen während der Kriege des 14. und 15. Jahrh. in Italien, die für die Aussicht auf Sold und Beute jeder Partei dienten, oft auch auf eigne Hand Krieg begannen, um zu plündern und zu brandschatzen. Vgl. Carmagnola… …   Meyers Großes Konversations-Lexikon

  • Condottieri — Condottieri, ital., Einzahl Condottiere, die Anführer der ital. Soldtruppen, welche im Mittelalter dem Meistzahlenden dienten. Sie entstanden seit dem Anfang des 14. Jahrhdts., als die ital. Städte durch Reichthum verweichlicht, aber doch… …   Herders Conversations-Lexikon

  • Condottieri — Depiction of Farinata degli Uberti by Andrea del Castagno, showing a 15th century condottiero s typical attire. Condottieri (singular condottiero and condottiere) were the mercenary soldier leaders (or warlords) of the professional, military free …   Wikipedia

  • Condottieri — Condottiere (Singular, Plural: Condottieri) ist die Bezeichnung für einen Söldnerführer (vgl. Kriegsherr), wie ihn die italienischen Stadtstaaten vom späten Mittelalter bis in die Mitte des 15. Jahrhunderts beschäftigten. Der Begriff leitet sich… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Condottieri — Condottiere Condottiere par Jean Désiré Ringel d Illzach Nés en Italie au Moyen Âge, les condottieres ou condottieri en italien (« mercenaires », de l italien condotta, contrat de louage), sont des chefs d armées de mercenaires. Soldats …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Condottieri —    Italian term for the mercenary captains who during the later Middle Ages and the Renaissance provided most of the armed forces of the Italian states. The term is derived from the word condotta, the contract between an employing ruler and the… …   Historical Dictionary of Renaissance

  • Condottieri — Condottiere Con dot*tie re, n.; pl. {Condottieri}. [It., captain.] A military adventurer of the fourteenth and fifteenth centuries, who sold his services, and those of his followers, to any party in any contest. [1913 Webster] …   The Collaborative International Dictionary of English

  • Condottieri class cruiser — Raimondo Montecuccoli at Venice Class overview Operators …   Wikipedia

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